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About Ankara

It is predicted that Ankara was established nearly 3000 years ago

At first Ankara was a military garrison in Hittites period. Then, Phrygians dominated in this area and they founded the city. According to one report, the founder of the Ankara was Gordios, the king of Phrygians. According to another report, it was his son, Midas.

After 700 BC, we see Lydians as the new power of the city. From 547 BC, the city and the region were under the sway of Persions. 

Alexsander the great gave the city to Macedonian-Helen sovereignty in 333 BC.

Ankara entered into the domination of Rome by Roman Commander Vulso in 189 B.C. The considerable investment for the city was made in the Romans era when Roman had hegemonised Ankara through long ages. There are a great number of masterpieces such as bathhouses, temples, city walls, councils, hippodromes,theatres inherited from the Roman era.

The founder leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk aspired that Ankara would be the capital city of the new Republic with the foundation of Modern Turkish Republic. Ankara became the capital city of Turkish Republic with the acceptance of the bill that was presented to Turkish Grand National Assembly by General Ismet and his fourteen fellowers on the 13th of October, 1923 so that Ankara would be the capital city. Atatürk’s monumental tomb is in Ankara as well.


Anıtkabir, is the eternal Mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk who is the founder of Turkish Republic. Firstly his corpse was placed at Ethnography museum but then it was decided to build a memorial at Rasattepe where he loved to watch Ankara city very much. This memorial was started to be built in 1944 and completed in 1953. Continuously, his corpse was placed in Anıtkabir Mausoleum on 10th November 1953. 

The Mausoleum which has the pecularities of Seljuk and Ottoman architecture is mainly formed by marble and travertine. At Anıtkabir, the entrance road was ornamented with lions and torches. There are also eight different towers which were named and ascribed different meanings to each one of them. The corpse of Ataturk was placed under the tomb that was situated in the Salon of Honour. Anıtkabir Compound Mausoleum, which is one of the most visited places in Turkey, has also the corpses that were belonged to the other founder team members of The Turkish Republic.


Roman Bath:

Roman Bath in Ankara is regarded as one of the three largest baths of its era. This enormous bath with twelve furnaces is thought to be built in the name of Asklepios, the god of health, by Roman Empire Caracalla, son of Septimus Severnus, from the end of 2nd century AD to the beginning of the 3rd century. The exterior walls of the bath which stands on stone foundations, consist of four layers of bricks. The inner walls is covered with marble. The water brought with stone pipes from Elmadağ, which is 60 km away from the city, is known to be distributed to all neighbourhood after reaching to the bath. 

Julianus Column:

This column which was built in honour of passing of Roman Empire Julianus from Ankara in 362 BC consisted of overlapped grooved white stones and was decorated with a crown of flowers at the top.

Ancyranum / Temple of Augustus:

Temple of Augustus, also referred as Monumentum Ancyranum (Ankara Temple), is one of the important buildings from the Roman Period, in Ankara. The temple which was built on behalf of Phrygian God ‘Men’ in 2nd century BC, was rebuilt for Roman Emperor ‘Augustus’ (Gaius Octavius) in 25 BC in the name of a commitment sign by King Pilamenes, the son of King Amintos, of Galatia. The temple, consisting of four walls surrounded by columns, was used as a church during the Byzantine period. Some of the inscriptions from the temple are exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. 

Ancient Theatre of Ankara :

The date of construction of the Roman Theatre, which was discovered by the excavations in 1982 for the first time, is unknown. One of the historical places to visit in Ankara and registered as a first and second degree protected area in 1992, it has an upholstered orchestra, audience seats and stage rooms that have survived to the present day along with the remaining walls of the theatre.


In Anatolian Civilizations Museum, which was transformed from one covered bazaar and two caravanserais that were situated on a mountain foot, a great number of works ranging from the findings about stone age to the remnants from Roman age have been displayed. The museum is extremely important in terms of the big number of works exhibited and the very long history of these exhibited works. 

Originally structured as a Hittite Museum, the museum has been enriched with the different works that belonged to different civilizations in Anatolia. Then the museum has been named as Anatolian Civilizations Museum. 

Anatolian Civilizations Museum which is considered as one of the important museums in the world with its unique and rich collections of works, offers the civilizations that lived in this land up till now in a chronological order to its visitors. Anatolian archeological works starting from Paleolithic age to today are exhibited in a chronological order in the museum.


Ankara Castle is presumed to have been built by Galatians who came to Anatolia after Alexander the Great conquered the city in 333 BC. 

The castle considered to have been first built in the time of Galatians; underwent several renovations during the Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman eras. It is possible to enjoy the unprecedented scenery of Ankara from the castle where inhabitants have resided over the centuries and traditional products may be obtained from the small shops within the castle.


Important Dates

Abstract Submission:
3 October 2022 - 3 February 2023
Announcement of Accepted Presentation Abstracts:
Acceptance Period for Full Text Presentations:
2 April 2023
Announcement of Congress Programme:

Congress Dates:
3-4-5 May 2023

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ufuk Üniversitesi Galerisi

Ankara Galerisi